Providing Educational Alternatives

January 22, 2012 in Uncategorized by Ahtur Yatsiliel

Throughout Africa the public school systems struggle to meet the demands of its school-aged population. Home schooling provides the perfect opportunity for those student to get the education they need to become productive citizens and benefit their community.




The policy on alternative education applies to children, youth and adults. It addresses the education and training needs of the learners as guided by the spirit and vision of key education documents. The policy articulates the principles, goals and guidelines for children, youth and adults in four broad categories:

  1. Alternative provision of primary education for school age children aged 6-14 years, (NFS primary)
  2. Alternative basic education and training that covers basic literacy and skills training for learners aged 11 to 18 years (NFEC)
  3. Alternative provisions for adult and continuing education and training for learners aged over 18 years (ACE)
  4. Alternative provision of secondary education for school age children and youth, aged over 14 years (NFS secondary).


This policy legitimizes alternative educational provisions as a diversified form that will ensure all learners, including those with special needs, access quality education.



The guiding principles to this policy take cognisance of the international conventions, national laws, policies, guidelines and regulations espoused in the education sector that seek to ensure that the right to education for each person is upheld. The principles are:

a.       Access to Education

All children, youth and adults have a right to education. However due to various socio-economic and cultural factors, they miss out on the formal school system. These groups shall be reached through flexible and responsive education provisions.

b.      Inclusion

Responsive educational service delivery efforts have to be made to reach learners with special needs including those in marginalized areas and the most vulnerable.

c.       Equity of Provision

For vulnerable learners to effectively participate in the education process, basic needs of food, clothing, shelter, health and psycho-social well-being shall be met by the government in collaboration with stakeholders.

d.      The Alternative Education Provisions

The provisions shall seek to augment existing efforts in providing formal education to those currently excluded. The provisions shall be flexible and have linkages to the formal system to allow learners join the mainstream and progress through education.

e.      Learning Environments

All learners shall have access to a safe, friendly and protective environment.

f.        Quality Education

The education provided shall be, relevant and of quality in order to enhance abilities for productive gain and sustainable livelihoods.



This policy is guided by the national goals of education. It is in accordance with the national development strategy projected by the government that seeks to achieve EFA, develop quality human resources, and protect democratic institutions and human rights. The following specific goals guide this policy formulation:

  1. To ensure that all children, particularly girls, those with special needs and/or in difficult circumstances have access to free and compulsory quality basic education.
  2. To ensure that all out of school youth and adults, particularly girls and women, those with special needs and in difficult circumstances have access to free quality basic education
  3. To enhance access, equity and equality at all levels of basic education and training.
  4. To eliminate gender and regional disparities in all levels of basic education and training.
  5. To enhance the quality of all aspects of education and training
  6. To ensure that the learning needs of youth and adults are met through equitable access to appropriate learning and life skills programmes
  7. To promote ICT as well as science and technology education and training
  8. To promote Open and Distance Education (ODE) at all levels of education and training.


Empowering Parents

January 22, 2012 in Uncategorized by Ahtur Yatsiliel

Parents are the first teachers; they provide the moral and social skills necessary for a viable community. Studies have shown that when parents are empowered then their offspring have a better chance of reaching their full potential.


Elimu Nyumbani offers training to parents on how to home school.


Below are answers to some of the questions parents have been asking us.

1.Is home schooling accepted legally in Kenya?

Yes, homeschooling is legal but there are no specific laws for or against it. it is covered broadly under the Alternative Education Policy which is recognized by the Ministry of Education.

2. Can a home schooled child be later on placed in school or go to college without any problems?

Yes they can. That is determined by what curriculum you use, exams you sit for and what college they want to attend. Some choices have broader options than others. Eg. With the 8-4-4 exams, you can enroll in both public and private colleges. With British or American exams you are limited to private colleges. With a portfolio and no national exams, you have few options  locally eg. DALC Education.  You may have to look overseas.

3.  Which curriculum did you use?

I started off with ACE then became eclectic, using different curriculums for different subjects. Like  Saxon, Math-u-see, IEW, Sonlite books, Apologia Science, Kenya 8-4-4 books etc.  I also write my own curriculum. I opted for no national exams and have a portfolio instead. We found one college in Kenya where my daughter is enrolled  (DALC Education) This path is untrodden but allows the child the most freedom.


4. Are there any kind of home school groups / co-ops in Kenya?

Yes. People who live near each other and have children of the same age range form their own groups. We have an annual East Africa conference where you can meet many families at once from different parts of East Africa.


5. Did your children get adequate socialization?
One is very social and the other keeps more to herself. They each determine what is enough for them. Generally, there are opportunities for socialization. However, you have to look for them and even create them yourself.





Giving Hope

January 22, 2012 in Uncategorized by Ahtur Yatsiliel

Every child wants to learn; it is fundamental to the growing process. Our responsibility is to give hope to those developing minds that they can aspire to achieve greatness.